意识与情绪

出版时间:2010-8  出版社:科学出版社  作者:斯奎尔  页数:726  
Tag标签:无  

前言

什么是百科全书?这一名词来自于两个希腊单词:enkuklios(意思是循环的)和paideia(意思是教育)。在16世纪早期,拉丁手稿的抄写者们将这两个单词合而为一,其在英语中演化为一个单词,意思是具有广泛指导意义的工具书(The American.Heritage Dictionary,2000,Boston:Houghton Mifllin,p.589)。从其来源可见,其希腊文原词中蕴含着以探索、综合的方式努力获取知识的含义。无论是拉丁文还是英文,该单词泛指涵盖广泛领域知识的工具书。希腊文中强调的以创造性手段获取知识,在神经科学领域尤其适用。神经科学本身就是一个非常新的名词。Francis Schmitt在本书第一版的前言中指出,本书的编写过程就是将不同领域的科学家们聚集在一起,冲击大脑研究中最顽固的难题。他推动建立了神经科学研究项目(Neuroscience Research Program,简称NRP)。早期的NRP成员包括一些学术巨匠,如因关于光合作用的研究获得诺贝尔奖的Melvin Calvin、诺贝尔奖获得者物理化学家Manfred Eigen、生物化学家Albert Lehninger,和当时正在努力破解基因编码的年轻分子生物学家:MarshallNirenberg。

内容概要

《神经科学百科全书》原书篇幅巨大,为所有神经科学百科全书之首。由来自世界各地的2400多位专家撰稿人合力打造,覆盖了神经科学全部主要领域。每个词条在收入书中之前均经过顾问委员会的同行评议,词条中均含有词汇表、引言、参考文献和丰富的交叉参考内容。    主编为著名神经科学家、美国神经科学学会前主席LarryR.Squire。内容平易,本科生即可读懂。深度和广度独一无二,足可满足专家学者的需要。导读版精选原书中的部分主题,按内容重新编排,更适合国内读者购买和阅读。

作者简介

作者:(美国)斯奎尔(Larry R.Squire)

书籍目录

意识  Awareness:Functional Imaging  Blindsight:Residual Vision  Cognition:Neuropharmacology  Coma  Coma and Other Pathological Disorders of Consciousness  Consciousness:Neural Basis of Conscious Experience  Consciousness:Neurophysiology and Visual Awareness in  Consciousness:Philosophy  Consciousness:Theoretical and Computational Neuroscience  Consciousness:Theories and Models  The AIM Model of Dreaming,Sleeping,and Waking Consciousness  Vegetative State情绪:概述  Depression and the Brain  Emotion in Speech  Emotion Systems and the Brain  Emotion:Computational Modeling  Emotional Control of the Autonomic Nervous System  Nightmares  Sexual Behavior:Neuroendocrine Control情绪:厌恶  Amygdala:Contributions to Fear  Aversive Emotions:Genetic Mechanisms of Serotonin  Aversive Emotions:Molecular Basis of Unconditioned Fear  Emotion:Neuroimaging  Fear Conditioning and Synaptic Plasticity  Genetics of Human Anxiety and Its Disorders  Learned Flavor Aversions and Preferences  Panic Disorder  Pharmacology of Fear Extinction  Phobia and Human Evolution  Posttraumatic Stress Disorder as an Emotional'Disorder认知与情绪  Appetitive Systems:Amygdala and Striatum  Emotion and Vigilance  Emotional Hormones and Memory Modulation  Emotional Influences on Memory and Attention  Social Interaction Effects on Reward and Cognitive Abilities in Monkeys情绪:社会  Aggression:Hormonal Basis  Aggression:Neurochemical and Molecular Mechanisms  Emotional Learning in Humans  Neuroendocrinology of Social/Affiliative Behavior  Pheromones in Humans and Social Chemosignals  Social Brain:Evolution  Social Emotion:Neuroimaging  Social Interaction奖励与奖励系统  Addiction:Neurobiological Mechanism  Connectivity of Primate Reward Centers  Cortical Processing of the Reward Value of Food  Dopamine: Cellular Actions  Drug Addiction:Behavioral Neurophysiology  Drug Addiction:Behavioral Pharmacology of Drug Addiction in Rats  Drug Addiction:Cellular Mechanisms  Drug Addiction:Neuroimaging  Drugs Addiction :Actions  Electrical Serf-Stimulation  Energy Homeostasis:Endocannabinoid System  Goal-Directed Behavior Theories  3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine(MDMA, "Ecstasy")  Neuropsychology of Primate Reward Processes  Prefrontal Contributions to Reward Encoding  Psychopharmacology of Reward and Appetite in Rats  Representation of Reward  Reward and Learning  Reward Decision-Making  Reward Neurophysiology and Orbitofrontal Cortex  Reward Neurophysiology and Primate Cerebral Cortex  Reward Processing:Human Imaging  Reward Systems:Human  Serotonin-Related Psychedelic Drugs  Substance.Abuse and Dependence  Transcription and Reward Systems压力与神经系统  Adrenal Steroids:Biphasic Effects on Neurons  Chronic(Repeated)Stress:Consequences,Adaptations  Circumventricular Organs in Neuroendocrine Control  Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone:Integration of Adaptive Responses to Stress  Diabetes Type 2 and Stress:Impact on Memory and the Hippocampus  Gene Therapy and Protection from Stress-Induced Brain Damage  Mother-Infant Interaction in the Variable Foraging Demand Model  Posttraumatic Stress Disorder:Overview  Social Stress in Adult Primates  Stress and Cognition  Stress and Neural Involvement in Metabolism  Stress and Neuronal Plasticity  Stress and Parasympathetic Control  Stress and Suicide  Stress and Vulnerability to Brain Damage  Stress Response and Self-Esteem  Stress Response:Genetic Consequences  Stress Response:Neural and Feedback Regulation of the HPA Axis  Stress Response:Sex Differences  Stress,Cytokines and Depressive Illness  Stress,Dopamine,and Puberty  Stress,Sex and Adolescent Nicotine Response  Stress,the HPA Axis and Depressive Illness  Stress:Definition and History  Stress:Homeostasis,Rheostasis, Allostasis and Allostatic Load  Sympathetic Noradrenergic and Adrenomedullary Hormonal Systems in Stress and Distress  Sympathoadrenal System:Neural Arm of the Stress Response  TIP39(Tuberoinfundibular Peptide of 39 Residues)原书词条中英对照表

章节摘录

插图:Although most studies examining emotional arousalor stress effects on memory consolidation investigatedthe effects of adrenal stress hormones, emotional arous-al is known to induce the release of a variety of neuro-modulatory hormones within the brain, includingopioid peptides, r-aminobutyric acid (GABA), vaso-pressin, and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).Importantly, many findings have shown that intra-BLA infusions of drugs that either mimic or block theaction of these transmitter systems enhance or impairmemory for emotionally arousing training. Moreover,disruption of BLA activity prevents these drugs frominfluencing memory consolidation. One transmittersystem that is of particular interest is CRH. CRH is aneuropeptide that is released by emotional arousal intothe hypothalamus and plays a crucial role in regulatingactivity of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocorticalaxis and circulating glucocorticoid levels. However,CRH is also released in extra-hypothalamic sites, in-cluding the amygdala as well as several other brainregions, in response to arousing or stressful stimula-tion. Blockade of endogenous CRH in the BLA withinfusions of a CRH receptor antagonist impairs mem-ory for emotionally arousing training, whereas infu-sions of CRH dose-dependently enhance memoryconsolidation. Furthermore, CRH is known also tointeract with noradrenergic mechanisms in the BLA ininfluencing memory consolidation. Thus, this evidenceindicates that BLA activation by emotional arousal isa general gateway in mediating stress hormone andneurotransmitter effects on memory consolidation.

编辑推荐

《神经科学百科全书12·意识与情绪(导读版)》由科学出版社出版。

图书封面

图书标签Tags

评论、评分、阅读与下载


    意识与情绪 PDF格式下载


用户评论 (总计2条)

 
 

  •     书籍运输和配送都没有问题 影印版 前面有院士的绪
  •     内容是英文,封面用中文做什么?被误导!
 

250万本中文图书简介、评论、评分,PDF格式免费下载。 第一图书网 手机版

京ICP备13047387号-7